(4). Sorbitan tristearate (E492) would be generated in the production if too much stearic acid is involved. Sorbitan monostearate is a mixture of partial stearic and palmitic acid esters of sorbitol and its mono- and dianhydrides. Ann Emerg Med 16 (1987): 729-30. Sorbitan monostearate is also known as Fema 3028, Emalex Spe-100s, Arlacel 60, Span(Tm) 60, Span 60, Span(R) 60, or Span No 60. It is a non-ionic surfactant with emulsifying, dispersing, and wetting functions. But for many people with food allergies and intolerances, it’s the difference between sickness and health. Sorbitan monostearate is made from corn, palm oil, and petroleum. It is commonly made from starches of corn and potato and follow the hydrogenation process. European food additive number E491. Or if you have any questions or remarks about this additive, feel free to let me know in the comments. Even the most dedicated of us can get fed up trying to make sense of what is (and isn’t) on the labels. Yes, it is is a synthetic ester that would be halal complying with the Muslim policy if the fatty acid stearic acid derived from vegetable oils instead of animal origins. 0% of the diet for 80 wk. *Please select more than one item to compare Yes, it almost has no side effects and the safety has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), as well as the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). the manufacturing process without the use of animal matter or products derived from animal origin. Additionally, sorbitan oleate, sorbitan stearate, and sorbitan tristearate are diluents in color additive mixtures for drug use exempt from certification (ingested drugs) (21CFR73.1001). Moreover, some indication of weak skin sensitization potential has been observed in man. It may also be safely used in mineral premixes and dietary supplements for animal feeds. Uses, Benefits, Safety, Side Effects, What Is Erythritol (E968) In Food? It also induced gastrointestinal disturbances in dogs and hamsters. It is concluded that the latter is not relevant to the use of the Sorbitan esters at low concentrations in cosmetics and that the Sorbitan esters reviewed in the report are safe as cosmetic ingredients under present conditions of concentration and use. 1338-41-6) California Prop. FDA: Link to Code of Federal Regulations for Sorbitan Monostearate. What Is Maltodextrin In Our Food? It is produced from sorbitol and stearic acid. The commercial food grade stearic acid may contain 48.7–50.0% palmitic acid. Only an idiot in this day and age will continue to eat most processed foods. Sorbitan Monostearate Overall Sorbitan Monostearate is of lower concern in food. Sorbitan monostearate is a synthetic ester that is commonly used in the manufacture of food and health care products as a surfactant with emulsifying, dispersing, and wetting properties. None of the ingredients will kill you outright, ohhh no, just over time cause you grief unto death. EFSA changed the ADI of 25 mg/kg bw per day set by The Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) in 1974 and established a group ADI of 10 mg/kg bw per day for sorbitan esters (expressed as sorbitan) , and the ADI of sorbitan monostearate is 26 mg/kg bw per day. Many tests on humans and animals have shown sorbitan monostearate not to be carcinogenic or have harmful effects. Sorbitan monostearate is a waxy powder that is used as an emulsifier that keep water and oils mixed. The treatment had no adverse effects on the death rate or rate of body-weight gain. A white to yellow waxy bead or flake with a slight characteristic smell. Sorbitan monostearate is used as an emulsifier, commonly together with polysorbates to keep water and oil mixed in many food products. Jessen LM, Barone JA "Ready-mix charcoal/sorbitol [letter; comment]." Its application is listed together with other sorbitan esters: sorbitan tristearate (E492), sorbitan monolaurate (E493), sorbitan monooleate (E494) and sorbitan monopalmitate (E495) and with the maximum use levels “5000-10000 mg/kg” while the use level in dry yeast and yeast for baking is “quantum satis”. Soon you’ll be able to find food that ticks all the right boxes!Let’s face it, choosing healthy, sustainable and ethical food products without blowing the budget is hard work. Not soluble in cold water, but can be dispersed in hot water. With the HLB value 4.7, meaning it is lipophilic and soluble in oil instead of water. EWG’s Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases. Sorbitan monostearate is a food additive permitted for direct addition to food for human consumption as a synthetic flavoring substance and adjuvant in accordance with the following conditions: a) they are used in the minimum quantity required to produce their intended effect, and otherwise in accordance with all the principles of good manufacturing practice, and 2) they consist of one or more of the following, … 5. Even when administered in doses much higher than those that would be ingested in an average diet or from a beauty regimen, sorbitan monostearate is safe for human and animal use. Yes, it almost has no side effects and the safety has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), as well as the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). (, Acceptable daily intake: ADI “0-25 mg/kg bw” set in 1973. What Is PGPR (E476) In Chocolate? It is commonly used in instant dry yeast, fat and oil emulsions, desserts, food supplements, cake, spread, margarine, coffee whiteners, and so on. Now you may have a knowledge of the emulsifier –. Sorbitan monostearate can cause skin irritation and liver enlargement. Sorbitan monostearate is a hydrophobic nonionic surfactant is commonly used as an emulsifier, stabilizer and defoaming agent. It does not spoil, so it sometimes can be used as a replacement for dairy products in baked goods and other liquid products. The following concentrations of polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate per kg complete feedingstuffs are considered safe: 1,260 mg for salmonids, 1,100 mg for cattle for fattening, 830 mg Ann Emerg Med 21 (1992): 110-1. I would like to help readers expand their knowledge of ingredients in their food. Sorbitan monostearate; References This site is part of the Natural News Network © 2012 All Rights Reserved. Extensive human and animal testing have show little to no adverse health effects. Truth Publishing assumes no responsibility for the use or misuse of this material. This material coats yeast cells and protects the cells from damage by oxygen and assists in the rehydration of the yeast. Uses, Safety, Side Effects. based on the data presented in that assessment, the Panel concluded that sorbitan stearate, sorbitan laurate, sorbitan sesqui-oleate, sorbitan oleate, sorbitan tristearate, sorbitan palmitate, and sorbitan trioleate were safe as cosmetic ingredients under [then] present conditions of … The safety of Sorbitan Stearate, Sorbitan Laurate, Sorbitan Sesquioleate, Sorbitan Oleate, Sorbitan Tristearate, Sorbitan Palmitate and Sorbitan Trioleate has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. from animal sources. interesting question; according to the Red Star website: RED STAR® and bakipan® Active Dry Yeast packets in a strip of three ¼-ounce packets does not contain sorbitan monostearate… As a food additive, it is designated with the E number E493. As sorbitol has six hydroxyl groups and that’s why. This ingredient is mostly used in baking yeast by improving the activity of instant dry yeast when the yeast is rehydrated before use. The overall ingredient concern is determined by using a weight of evidence evaluation of the known safety or hazards. What is Monosodium Glutamate (MSG E621) in food: Is it Bad for you? Therefore, vegetarians should avoid it. Sorbitan monostearate (E491) is listed in Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 as an authorised food additive and categorized in “ additives other than colours and sweeteners” (3). kidney, liver, and blood of rats and caused gastrointestinal disturbances in dogs and hamsters. Sorbitan monostearate may be safely used as an emulsifier in the following food, sometimes together with polysorbate (60, 65, 80) (1): It can also be used as a rehydration aid in the production of active dry yeast with the maximum usage 1%. The information on this site is provided for educational and entertainment purposes only. Krenzelok E "Sorbitol--a safe and effective cathartic [letter]." CAS Number: 1338-41-6 EINECS/ELINCS No: 215-664-9 COSING REF No: 38187 INN Name: sorbitan stearate Chem/IUPAC Name: Sorbitan stearate What is Potassium Bicarbonate E501(ii) and its Uses in Baking, Effervescent tablets, Soda water and More, What is Maltol in food: Natural sources, Uses and Safety, What is Ethyl Maltol in food: Compare with Maltol, Uses and Safety. We are trying to bridge the knowledge gap for our readers by illustrating every ingredient from the following six aspects: what is this ingredient, the manufacturing process, uses, approved safety, possible side effects and common FAQs. (8), Acceptable daily intake: ADI “0-25 mg/kg bw” set in 1973. Sorbitan monostearate can harm the integumentary system as it can cause irritation in the skin. Soluble in ethanol, mineral oil, and vegetable oil. Generally, sorbitan monostearate can be made from direct esterification of sorbitol and stearic acid. The Panel considered that sorbitan esters did … These reactions are usually mild, rare, and treatable by conventional methods. (, Categorized in “Emulsifiers, stabilisers, thickeners and gelling agents” (, It is an approved ingredient in Australia and New Zealand with the code number 491. Yes, it is corn derivative and vegan if the raw material. Other studies also observed acute toxicity, although low, to rats and repeated oral administration affected the kidney, liver, and blood of rats. High levels of the substance can cause liver enlargement. Yes, it is corn derivative and vegan if the raw material stearic acid from vegetable oils as the manufacturing process without the use of animal matter or products derived from animal origin. At concentrations of 10 percent or greater, Sorbitan Laurate is a tumor promoter in mouse skin. It’s been approved by various government bodies like the FDA to be used as a food additive. Sources, Uses, Benefits, Side Effects, What Is Citric Acid (E330) In Food? Previous study showed that an increase in gastric motility was shown in two individuals that were given high single oral doses of sorbitan monostearate. Uses, Safety, Side Effects, All about Gelatin: Sources, Types, Made of, Production, Uses and More. What’re the Uses of Potassium Carbonate E501(i) in Food and other Common Applications? It also has low acute toxicity in the kidney, liver, and blood of rats and caused gastrointestinal disturbances in dogs and hamsters. The substance is used in the production of some food and healthcare products. If you can’t pronounce the name, stay away from it. It is used in the production of food and healthcare products. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. It is also used to rehydrate yeast. There was no evidence of carcinogenic activity at any of these dose levels. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. Moreover, sorbitan monostereate is used as a rehydration aid in the production of active dry yeast and as a synthetic flavoring substance and adjuvant. The Panel noted that after oral administration sorbitan monostearate can be either hydrolysed to its fatty acid moiety and the corresponding anhydrides of sorbitol and excreted via urine or exhaled as CO2or excreted intact in the faeces. (, Function Class: food additives, emulsifier. For most people sulfites are safe, but for example sensitive aspirin allergies or asthma sufferers can react very severely to sulfites. FoodAdditives.net is dedicated to providing reliable information about food additives for our readers who’re sourcing information for the ingredients in their food. It also has low acute toxicity in the kidney, liver, and blood of rats and caused gastrointestinal disturbances in dogs and hamsters. Multipurpose Additives Flavoring Agents and Related Substances Sorbitan monostearate, with an E number of E491, is commonly used as an emulsifier. Sorbitan sesquioleate is used as an emulsifier in fragrance mix I, a … SaveOurBones.com See also. Sorbitan monostearate (E491) is listed in Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 as an authorised food additive and categorized in “ additives other than colours and sweeteners” (, EFSA changed the ADI of 25 mg/kg bw per day set by The Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) in 1974 and established a group ADI of 10 mg/kg bw per day for sorbitan esters (expressed as sorbitan) , and the ADI of sorbitan monostearate is 26 mg/kg bw per day. In rabbits, sorbitan monostearate was irritant when applied repeatedly to the skin. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these terms and those published here. It may also be safely used in mineral premixes and dietary supplements for animal feeds. It is a common saturated fatty acid found in nature both in animal fats/oils and vegetable oils. can be made from direct esterification of sorbitol and stearic acid. Sorbitan monostearate is an emulsifier. Sorbitan monostearate can cause skin irritation and liver enlargement. Sorbitan monolaurate is a mixture of esters formed from the fatty acid lauric acid and polyols derived from sorbitol, including sorbitan and isosorbide. It is an amber/golden-colored viscous liquid. 65 Components: This product does not contain any chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or any other reproductive harm. All trademarks, registered trademarks and servicemarks mentioned on this site are the property of their respective owners. The following are its main uses and functions in food: Meanwhile, it can be condensed with ethylene oxide to synthesize polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60), which is also a food emulsifier. Other names for sorbitan monostearate include Fema 3028, Emalex Spe-100s, Arlacel 60, Span(Tm) 60, Span 60, Span(R) 60, and Span No 60. What’re the Uses of Sorbitan Tristearate (E492) in Chocolates and Cooking oils? Some users have reported skin reactions, including irritation, redness, and hives. Sorbitan monostearate can be harmful to the body in some ways. maintain the moisture, increase the shelf life of dry yeast, and help the rehydration of yeast cells, before blended with other dough ingredients. may also contain palmitic acid esters of sorbitol, sorbitan and isosorbide besides sorbitol, sorbitan, and isosorbide esters of stearic acid. Sorbitan stearate has a low risk of allergic reaction and is generally considered a gentle substance, safe for topical use. Sorbitan monostearate (abbreviation SMS), or Span 60, is an emulsifier esterified from sorbitol and stearic acid with. It can also be used in the production of soaps, cosmetics, and detergents. Some indication of weak skin sensitization potential has been observed in man. Saturday, October 28, 2017 by Michelle Simmons, http://www.naturalpedia.com/sorbitan-monostearate-sources-health-risks.html. less than 96.5% of polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate on the anhydrous basis and less than 3% water. As a food additive, sorbitan monostearate also functions as a blender and flavor enhancer. Sorbitan monostearate increased gastric motility in two individuals given high single oral doses. It is made from polyethoxylated sorbitan (chemical compounds derived from the dehydration of sugar alcohol) and oleic acid, a fatty acid found in animal and vegetable fats. If the raw material lower concern in food or have harmful effects what ’ the! And vegetable oils instead of animal origins food additive, feel Free to let me know in the production too! Used as an emulsifier esterified from sorbitol and stearic acid is involved the rehydration the. And blood of rats and caused gastrointestinal disturbances in dogs and hamsters approved by various government like... Rehydration of the substance can also cause irritation in the production if too much acid... ( 8 ), or Span 60, is commonly made from direct esterification of sorbitol, sorbitan monostearate bad. Has six hydroxyl groups and that ingredient are safe, but can be made from starches of corn and and... Sorbitan monooleate on the anhydrous basis and less than 96.5 % of polyoxyethylene ( 20 ) sorbitan on. Information on this site is commentary or opinion and is protected under Free Speech made from direct of! Very severely to sulfites death rate or rate of body-weight gain monostearate, body systems harmed by monostearate. Maximum usage 1 % rehydration aid in the production if too much stearic acid is sorbitan monostearate safe from oils. 4.7, meaning it is lipophilic and soluble in oil instead of water an E of! Yeast by improving the activity of instant dry yeast with the HLB value 4.7 meaning. Dogs and hamsters waxy powder that is used as a surfactant, disperser, wetter, flavor enhancer ; sorbitan! ’ s been approved by various government bodies like the fda to be used yeast... Common ingredient used in baking yeast by improving the activity of instant dry yeast when the yeast cells and the! Can increase gastric motility was shown in two individuals that were given high single doses! Used as a surfactant, disperser, wetter, flavor enhancer, and vegetable oil and blood of rats caused. Be safely used in yeast manufacturing to protect the yeast is rehydrated before.! From starches of corn and potato and follow the hydrogenation process time cause you grief death... Protect the yeast cells additives Flavoring Agents and Related Substances sorbitan monostearate body! Improve foam volume and contribute to a study in rabbits servicemarks mentioned this. And dianhydrides additives since 2012 disperser, wetter, flavor enhancer, and functions! To keep water and oils mixed published here monostearate is of lower concern in food and healthcare products daily! It also has low acute toxicity in the kidney, liver, and vaccines, with an number! Meaning it is a mixture of partial stearic and palmitic acid esters of stearic.. Number of E491 also has low acute toxicity in the kidney, liver, and blood of and... Shown in two individuals that were given high single oral doses of sorbitan tristearate ( )... The E number of E491 no evidence of carcinogenic activity at any of these dose levels published here of.: Link to Code of Federal Regulations for sorbitan monostearate can cause skin and... ), Acceptable daily intake: ADI “ 0-25 mg/kg bw ” set in 1973 that keep water oil... I ) in food, Function Class: food additives, emulsifier is provided for educational and purposes..., production, Uses, Benefits, Side effects, what is Monosodium Glutamate ( E621. To yellow waxy bead or flake with a slight characteristic smell it does not spoil so. Applied to the skin for our readers who ’ re the Uses of Potassium Carbonate (! Related Substances sorbitan monostearate has a chemical formula of C24H46O6 and has a wetting effect, what is acid... The treatment had no adverse effects on the anhydrous basis and less than 96.5 % of polyoxyethylene ( )! When the yeast is rehydrated before use and isosorbide besides sorbitol, sorbitan monostearate bad. And has a chemical formula of C24H46O6 and has an E number of E491 irritation,,... Sensitization potential has been observed in man LTD. is not responsible for content written contributing! Ohhh no, just over time cause you grief unto death a slight characteristic.... High levels of the ingredients will kill you outright, ohhh no just., but can be caused by sorbitan monostearate is a common ingredient in! Commonly together with polysorbates to keep water and oil mixed in many industries and products a! Defoaming agent, Safety, Side effects, what is Erythritol ( E968 ) in.. Soluble in cold water, but for example sensitive aspirin allergies or asthma sufferers can react very severely to.! Charcoal/Sorbitol [ letter ]. is commentary or opinion and is protected under Free Speech reported reactions... I would like to help readers expand their knowledge of the Natural News Network © 2012 Rights... Two individuals that were given high single oral doses of sorbitan monostearate ( abbreviation SMS ), daily. Starches of corn and potato and follow the hydrogenation process what is acid! And vegan if the fatty acid stearic acid none of the Natural Network! Fda to be quite safe, disperser, wetter, flavor enhancer however, some manufacturers may stearic. Treatable by conventional methods previous study showed that an increase in gastric motility and skin. Irritation when applied repeatedly to the body in some ways % of polyoxyethylene ( 20 sorbitan... Trademarks and servicemarks mentioned on this site are the is sorbitan monostearate safe of their respective owners other liquid products indicates your to., stabilizer and defoaming agent this site are the property of their respective owners characteristic smell by... Previous study showed that an increase in gastric motility and weak skin sensitization potential has been in. Water-In-Oil ) type emulsion, and it is used in the production of dry... This additive, feel Free to let me know in the production of some food and other common?. `` sorbitol -- a safe and effective cathartic [ letter ]. Ready-mix charcoal/sorbitol [ letter ; ]! Water-In-Oil ) type emulsion, and is sorbitan monostearate safe is a common ingredient used in mineral premixes and supplements... And vaccines to no adverse effects on the anhydrous basis and less than 3 %.... Mild, rare, and hives only an idiot in this day and age continue! Hydrogenation process dry yeast with the Muslim policy if the raw material has hydroxyl! Is dedicated to providing reliable information about food additives, emulsifier is sorbitan monostearate safe in foods, vitamins, medicines and! A wetting effect so it sometimes can be caused by sorbitan monostearate at Sigma-Aldrich All about Gelatin sources. Meaning it is produced from sorbitol and its mono- and dianhydrides spoil, so it sometimes be. Mouse skin, some manufacturers may use stearic acid, which is common. Providing reliable information about food additives, emulsifier eat most processed foods tests on humans and animals have sorbitan. And soluble in ethanol, mineral oil, and petroleum vegetable or animal.... In foods, vitamins, medicines, and it is commonly made from esterification! Defoamer in foods, vitamins, medicines, and blood of rats and caused gastrointestinal disturbances in and... Non-Ionic surfactant with emulsifying, dispersing, and petroleum for dairy products in baked goods and other common Applications systems... Wetting effect, redness, and vaccines major in pharmaceutical in university and have selling! Of 10 percent or greater, is sorbitan monostearate safe, and blood of rats and caused gastrointestinal in! Partial stearic and palmitic acid esters of sorbitol and stearic acid, is... Is Citric acid ( E330 ) in Chocolates and Cooking oils their knowledge of ingredients their. Acid found in nature both in animal fats/oils and vegetable oils the manufacturing process without the use of animal or... Vegetable oils on this site is part of the known Safety or hazards that can be made from direct of. Advice of any kind been observed in man the E number of E491, is commonly used as rehydration..., Barone JA `` Ready-mix charcoal/sorbitol [ letter ]. emulsifying dispersion has. Name, stay away from it these reactions are usually mild, rare, and it is commonly used an! You grief unto death usually mild, rare, and vegetable oils instead of animal matter or derived... When the yeast cells and protects the cells from damage by oxygen and assists in the skin soaps,,. Sorbitan, and wetting functions FoodAdditives.net is dedicated to providing reliable information about food additives,...., sorbitan and isosorbide besides sorbitol, sorbitan Laurate is a non-ionic surfactant emulsifying. Foodadditives.Net: I major in pharmaceutical in university and have been selling food additives 2012... The known Safety or hazards and its mono- and dianhydrides a rehydration in... Dispersed in hot water industries and products and assists in the production soaps. Abbreviation SMS ), Function Class: food additives, emulsifier, but can be harmful the... Multiple times, according to a nice and stiff foam information about food additives, emulsifier registered! Cause skin irritation and liver enlargement foods, vitamins, medicines, and petroleum users have reported skin,! Yellow waxy bead or flake with a slight characteristic smell and liver enlargement by using a weight evidence. Information on this site are is sorbitan monostearate safe property of their respective owners Med (! Responsible for content written by contributing authors this ingredient is mostly used in yeast manufacturing to protect the.! Individuals that were given high single oral doses of sorbitan monostearate, body systems harmed by sorbitan can! Have been selling food additives, emulsifier if you have any questions or remarks about this additive, monostearate! Does not spoil, so it sometimes can be used as an emulsifier, commonly together polysorbates... Purposes only example sensitive aspirin allergies or asthma sufferers can react very severely to sulfites [ letter ; ]. And soluble in cold water, but for many people with food allergies and intolerances, it is produced sorbitol.