They arrived back at the Fram on the 25th of January 1912, just 38 days after leaving the south pole. In the latter part of the sixteenth century the number of maps representing had noticeably lessened, and, by the end of the eighteenth century, it had faded from the minds of geographers. News of Amundsen’s achievement was telegraphed to the world on March 7, 1912, on his return to Hobart, Australia. In all probability it has been connected with Africa, South America, Australia, and New Zealand, although most likely not with all of them at the same time. No doubt the spur of competition played its part in unfolding the secrets of the last unexplored frigid region of the earth. The pardon was one of the first under Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, which he had announced less than a ...read more, On December 14, 1939, the League of Nations, the international peacekeeping organization formed at the end of World War I, expels the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in response to the Soviets’ invasion of Finland on November 30. A year later the extension of Wilkes Land to the eastward and the southward was charted by the famous British expedition under James Clark Ross, which discovered Victoria Land and the mountains of Erebus and Terror and surpassed all previous records in the Antarctic by reaching the latitude of 78 degrees. Scott used motorized sleighs and Siberian ponies. Millions of Americans did, however, make it through the film that made a ...read more. In 1903, he guided the 47-ton sloop Gjöa through the Northwest Passage and around the Canadian coast, the first navigator to accomplish the treacherous journey. The glacial streams descending through the depressions among the mountain slopes constituted the usual lines of travel, and the route developed was new and independent, passing among mountain peaks rising to the height of 15,000 and 18,000 feet above the sea and gradually mounting to a maximum level before the Pole was reached and thence descending very gradually for 140 miles over a vast plateau to the position which was occupied on December l5th and 16th, 1911, and determined to be the South Pole. In 1918, an expedition Amundsen began with a new ship, Maud, lasted until 1925. Amundsen and the Norwegian Flag at the South Pole Kennedy, concerned with the ...read more, In a 2008 interview on BBC Radio 4, Robin Gibb confessed to making it through only the first 30 minutes of the world premiere, and to never having seen the rest of the picture in the decades that followed. O ver a century ago Roald Amundsen approached the southern-most place on Earth. On December 14, 1911, Amundsen’s expedition won the race to the Pole and returned safely to base camp in late January. 25 min. In 1926, he passed over the North Pole in a dirigible just three days after American explorer Richard E. Byrd had apparently done so in an aircraft. In 1897, he was first mate on a Belgian expedition that was the first ever to … Shackleton's expedition of 1907 to 1909 penetrated at the same place that Scott entered, and traveled up the western border of the ice field along the route which had been pursued by his predecessor until he reached a great glacier, named Beardmore Glacier, coming down from the highlands to the westward. The “Aurora,” a barkentine of 580 tons with auxiliary steam-propulsion in which the expedition sailed, has recently returned to Australia bringing the report that two separate parties have been landed on those part of Wilkes Land known respectively as Adelie Land and Termination Land. Amundsen seems to have collected enough evidence to substantiate the theory that the great chain of mountains which extends almost uninterruptedly from Alaska to Patagonia finds its continuation in a ridge connecting Victoria Land and King Edward VII Land, and which, in honor of his queen, he has named "Queen Maude's Range.". He took two flying boats towards the North Pole along with five crew members in 1925. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. They had all gained weight on the journey to the pole. Amundsen himself states that part of his journey was much like a pleasure trip--"excellent ground, fine sledging, and an even temperature." Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, the first to reach the South Pole, poses with members of his Antarctic expedition team in 1911. Yet even the laconic account, which he has cabled to the press, throws a flood of light on the mystery of Antarctic geography. The expedition took 99 days and traveled over 1,800 miles. Amundsen Becomes First to Reach South Pole, December 14, 1911. On December 14, 1911, Amundsen’s expedition won the race to the Pole and returned safely to base camp in late January. the main party made the final start for the South Pole, leaving a subsidiary party to carry on explorations and make a geological collection in King Edward VII Land. Amundsen set out with 4 companions, 52 dogs, and 4 sledges on Oct. 19, 1911, and, after encountering exceptionally good weather, arrived at the South Pole on December 14, 1911. On the day after Christmas in 1889 the " Vincennes," "Peacock," "Porpoise," and "Flying Fish" headed southward from Sydney and, falling in with the land in latitude 64 degrees south and longitude 158 degrees East of Greenwich, on the 16th of January following, skirted the border of a new continent to the westward as far as longitude 97 degrees East of Greenwich. Wilhelm Filchner left early in the year 1911, intending to make a landing somewhere on the shore of the Weddell Sea, perhaps on Coats Land, on the opposite side of the Antarctic Continent from Capt. The first is the British Expedition under the command of Capt, R. F. Scott, who was the leader of the British National Antarctic Expedition of 1901 to 1904. The Geographic South Pole is the southernmost point on Earth. At around 3pm on 14 December 1911, Amundsen raised the flag of Norway at the South Pole. While this journey to the southward was in progress, another party of the expedition climbed Mount Erebus, and a third party reached the south magnetic pole and located it, in 72 deg. The existence of the pole had been known, but the inhospitable landscape presented a barrier until Amundsen’s party made the dangerous trek across ice and snow to stand at the geographical South Pole on this day a century ago. He embarked on a rescue mission in 1928 after an unidentified crash in the Arctic. In the southern part of Patagonia the Andes are turned from their meridional course and run eastward across Tierra del Fuego. 2 - Roald Amundsen 1872 - 1928 Norwegian Roald Amundsen led the first successful expedition to reach the South Pole, he arrived there on the 14th of December 1911. Earlier that day, he killed his mother at the home they shared. In 1911, he sailed to the Antarctic and he established a base in the Bay of Whales. All Rights Reserved. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The motor sleds broke down, the ponies had to be shot, and the dog teams were sent back as Scott and four companions continued on foot. Subscribers get more award-winning coverage of advances in science & technology. Contrary to his original plan, Amundsen despatched one of his officers, Lieut. Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott.Amundsen, born in Borge, near Oslo, in 1872, was one of the great figures in polar exploration. 33 sec. In 1897, he was first mate on a Belgian expedition that was the first ever to winter in the Antarctic. Amundsen left a tent and a letter addressed to the King of Norway with a request to Scott to deliver it. The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station stands at the southernmost point on the planet, marking the spot that its two namesakes raced toward in an epic fight for glory in 1911. READ MORE: The Treacherous Race to the South Pole. Scott’s frozen body was found later that year. It is only from the scientific side that human interest can he evoked in the desolate wastes of Antarctica. It was the British National Antarctic Expedition of 1901 to 1904, under Capt. Amundsen was aware of Scott's objective, but Scott was not aware that Amundsen was right behind him. the south-bound expedition had cleared that vast plain of floating ice which flows down from the great mountains of the interior and covers the southern part of Ross Sea throughout an area above 20,000 square miles with an ice sheet approximately 800 feet in thickness, and had begun to climb the heights which form the mountainous embayment at the head of Ross Sea. The sum total or added knowledge in the sixty years following Cook's voyages had led to a general belief that around the South Pole was a scattered archipelago and not a continental mass, a state of geographical information that was not materially changed until the discovery by Charles Wilkes that after all there is a great Antarctic land, even if it is smaller than the land of legend. His first direct military ...read more, On December 14, 2012, at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, Adam Lanza kills 20 first graders and six school employees before turning a gun on himself. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. As a result of Amundsen's expedition, important additions may be laid down upon the map of Antarctica in the sector of the earth’s surface extending from the South Pole to the 80th degree parallel of latitude between the meridians 160 degrees and 180 degrees west of Greenwich. Amundsen reached the South Pole in December 1911 with a … Discover world-changing science. He later made attempts to become the first explorer to fly over the North Pole. Roald Amundsen also suffered from unpredictable weather and frozen dogs and frostbite, skin rashes, scurvy and frozen compasses. After his historic Antarctic journey, Amundsen established a successful shipping business. No less than four other expeditions were in the Antarctic regions at the time while Amundsen was forcing his way south. Always on the prowl for more adventure; Amundsen purchased a Farman biplane in 1914, intending to mount skis on the craft and use it to fly over polar obstacles. By G. W. Littlehales, Hydrographic Office, United States Navy. Amundsen's Attainment of the South Pole In 1928, Amundsen flew toward the north pole on a rescue mission, attempting to locate a fellow airship enthusiast lost somewhere near the pole. Progress of Antarctic Exploration CVI, No. On January 18, 1912, they reached the pole only to find that Amundsen had preceded them by over a month. World War I ended that endeavor, but the explorer continued to dream of flying over the great ice cap. The Sandy Hook shooting was, at the time, the ...read more, On December 14, 1909, workers place the last of the 3.2 million 10-pound bricks that pave the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana (a town surrounded by the city of Indianapolis). This is the Australian expedition under the leadership of Dr. Douglas Mawson, geologist of the Shackleton expedition. Robert F. Scott by just over a … Roald Amundsen becomes first explorer to reach the South Pole, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/amundsen-reaches-south-pole. Although the League of Nations was more or ...read more. So far the facts published concerning the information gathered by Amundsen are chiefly geographical and topographical. Roald Amundsen (1872-1928) was a Norwegian explorer who led the first expedition to reach the South Pole, which he did in December 1911. From Scientific American, Vol. No reports have yet been received from him. On December 14, 1911 Roald Amundsen planted the Norwegian Flag at the South Pole. By measuring the angle between the lines, one can triangulate the position on the Earth (same way as GPS does today.) A team of 5 men arrived there by dog sled 57 days after leaving their winter base camp and their ship the Fram. 16 min. Therefore he will bring back absolutely new information of Antarctic geography. On December 14, 1911, Amundsen and four others stood at the South Pole, a month before Robert Scott. German physicist Max Planck publishes his groundbreaking study of the effect of radiation on a “blackbody” substance, and the quantum theory of modern physics is born. At the time of the revival of Antarctic exploration in the beginning of the present century, knowledge of Antarctica was of two grades: in some areas the approaches from the sea had been explored; of the rest nothing was known, Knowledge of the first grade existed only in relation to two or three parts of the continent. The main characteristic of this form of coast is that the trend is determined by mountain ranges running parallel to the shore. To be sure, there were storms, but not those frightful hurricanes which thwarted Shackleton. The party climbed up 2,000 to 5,000 feet in a day. Amundsen, born in Borge, near Oslo, in 1872, was one of the great figures in polar exploration. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. Roald Amundsen, the discoverer of the Northwest Passage, left Norway in June, 1910, in the “Fram,” seemingly with the intention of sailing around Cape Horn, however, he sailed to the westward across the South Pacific, and made a landing at whale Bay on the ice sheet covering Ross Sea. Although he carried out a scientific programme, his avowed aim was to be the first man to reach the South Pole. In less than a month. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. George Washington was born in 1732 to a farm family in Westmoreland County, Virginia. In addition, Henrik Lindstrøm was included as a cook. That this continent, whose present unexplored and unvisited extent is twice the area of Europe, was larger in former geological ages is scarcely to be doubted. This expedition was an incredible masterpiece of organization. This is suggested by the living and fossil floras and faunas of these lands. It will be remembered that, during the year 1839, after having examined many of the island groups with which the vast area of the Pacific Ocean is studded, the United States Exploring Expedition, of which Wilkes was the commander, had reached the Australian shores. 12, March 23, 1912 This expedition landed on the southwestern confines of the Ross Sea, and, by its explorations, showed that the great ice barrier is in reality the front of an enormous ice field or glacier, mainly floating on the surface of an extended bay or sea, and fed by glaciers coming down from the elevated land on the westerly side and probably also on the eastern. A botched burglary attempt further clouds one of the earliest kidnap-for-ransom cases. Until the close of the nineteenth century there was no part of the world about which less was known, and none about which so little interest was taken. He made a successful landing at a point near his former situation in MacMurdo Sound, and continued to be engaged in exploration to the southward. Roald Amundsen, from pole to pole Open this photo in gallery: Choosing dogs over horses led Amundsen to reach the South Pole before the doomed Scott expedition. Capt. He was 67 years old. After the voyages of Wilkes and Ross, there was a long interval before serious work in the Antarctic was renewed. At approximately 3:00 P.M. that day Roald Amundsen raised the flag of Norway, naming the spot Polheim -- "Pole Home." On December 14th the arctic explorer Ronald Amundsen was the first, who reached during his antarctic expedition 1910-1912 the South Pole. Prestud, to survey the Bay of Whales and the great ice barrier and to explore King Edward VII Land, of which practically nothing is known. In 1925, in an airplane, he flew within 150 miles of the goal. He made up his mind that he would reach the plateau on which the Pole is situated by another route than that of Beardmore Glacier. History tells far fewer stories about him than it does about Robert Falcon Scott, who reached the Pole a month later to find a Norwegian flag stuck in the ice, and who Amundsen planned to be the first man to the North Pole, and he was about to embark in 1909 when he learned that the American Robert Peary had achieved the feat. One hundred years ago, on December 14, 1911, the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and his team became the first people to reach the Geographic South Pole. He used this device called Sextant. The work of Krech, Gerlache, Borchgravink, and Bruce had not yet been done; the examinations of the “Belgica,” the “Francais,” and the “Pourquoi Pas”  had not yet made known the extension of Palmer Land to the southwestward along the southern confines of the Pacific Ocean ; the explorations of the German Antarctic Expedition in the "Gauss" had not yet confirmed the conclusion of Wilkes that the long coast which he had discovered in 1840 extended still farther to the westward ; the Antarctic Continent had not yet been entered at any point and consequently that acquaintance with the general topography which constitutes the first essential to the scientific investigation of a country was wholly wanting. On Dec. 14, 1911, Roald Amundsen and four fellow Norwegian explorers became the first men to reach the South Pole, beating the ill-fated team of British Capt. Many weeks must elapse before we are in complete possession of all his data. The observations in either case were not sufficient, however, to warrant drawing a conclusion as to the actual change in the position of the magnetic poled between 1903 and 1909. The legendary limits of the Terra Australis of ancient and medieval cartographers, whose northerly coast was represented in art in the time of Ptolemy as extending eastward from Southern Africa toward China and inclosing the Indian Ocean, began to recede to the southward on the map of the world in the generation which produced Columbus, da Gama, and Magellan and disclosed America, the route to the Indies, and the circumnavigation of the globe. R. F. Scott, that first penetrated Antarctica. south, and 155 deg. Besides Amundsen's, there was the Japanese expedition under Lieut. Not one to rest on his laurels, Roald Amundsen later led a trip to the North Pole in 1926 and became the first (with his companions) to verifiably reach the North Pole. 16 min. 1 November 1911 Scott’s main party sets out. east, in a position 40 miles distant from the position deduced from the surrounding magnetic observations of the expedition under Scott. At one or two points along this coast line, the French expedition under D’Urville, at nearly the same time, confirmed the existence of the land thus reported. He’d become not only the first person to reach the South Pole, but the first to reach both. CVI, No. A German expedition under Lieut. It is located on the ice-covered continent of Antarctica. Scott’s expedition was less … CREDIT: SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN. Seventeen of the original 52 dogs would make it to the Pole, and 12 made it back. At one point on his way to the South Pole, Roald Amundsen encountered problems with one of his men. One of Amundsen’s competitors, Robert Falcon Scott and his party, achieved a different kind of fame: they arrived on January 17, 1912 to find they were second in the race to fame, and they perished on their way back north. The theory of the structural unity of the Pacific is well established, and, according to it, the Pacific Ocean must be bounded on the south by a coast of the “Pacific type.” With one exception in Central America. Amundsen completed his preparations and in June 1910 sailed instead for Antarctica, where the English explorer Robert F. Scott was also headed with the aim of reaching the South Pole. A Japanese expedition started for the Antarctic, intending to make a landing upon King Edwrd VII Land. Returning to Sydney, Wilkes announced his discovery, in the following words, in a report to the Secretary of the Navy, dated March 11th, 1840: "It affords me much gratification to report that we have discovered a large body of land within the Antarctic Circle, which I have named the Antarctic Continent, and refer you to the report of our cruise and accompanying charts, enclosed herewith, for full information relative thereto.". They were Palmer Land with its associated islands, the coast of Victoria Land with the adjacent Ross Sea, and, to a lesser extent, the coast of Wilkes Land, The rest of the continental limits of the Antarctic was known only through the interpretation of imperfectly recorded observations and the speculations arising from distant and uncertain views. He suffered a stroke and was so physically reduced that he could not participate. It is probably continued around the southern Pacific meeting the end of the New Zealand line and the Victoria Range in the mighty mountains which Amundsen, in his approaches to the South Pole, discovered in the shape of what he has named the Maude Range stretching off to the southeastward as far as 88 degrees south. Luck, instinct, experience, call it what you will, the new route proved easier than that which either Shackleton or Scott took on their expeditions. He also climbed from his headquarters on MacMurdo Sound to the summit of the high table land to the westward. With him on this expedition were Oscar Wisting and Helmer Hanssen, both of whom had been part of the team to reach the South Pole. Sextant is basically a protractor which measures angle between two objects. 23 min. Captain Scott began his trek three weeks later. On Dec. 14, the five men, with only 16 dogs left, arrived at 90° 0′ S. Amundsen gave the name “Polheim” to their camp at the South Pole, which means “Home on the Pole,” while he renamed the Antarctic Plateau as King Haakon VII’s Plateau. Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. 15 October 1911 Amundsen sets out to reach the South Pole with five men, four sledges and 52 dogs, travelling to pre-prepared depots and killing dogs for food as they go. He had reached the Pole a full 33 days before Captain Scott arrived. Since then, most of that brick has been buried under asphalt, but one yard remains ...read more, In a public exchange of letters with South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem, President John F. Kennedy formally announces that the United States will increase aid to South Vietnam, which would include the expansion of the U.S. troop commitment. CV1, No. 12, March 23, 1912. He reached latitudes in some parts of his circuit which have even at the present time been scarcely surpassed, and, disproving the ancient beilef in a great Terra Australis Incognita extending northward of the sixtieth degree parallel of south latitude, the state of geographical knowledge such that the maps after his time mark "Antarctic Ocean" across the regions of the South Pole. south. It was cold, so cold that the dogs suffered visibly; yet the average temperature was no lower than that in many an inhabited part of Canada. The glaciers and crevasses make detours necessary, yet, despite them, progress was remarkably rapid. The principles of geomorphology would also suggest that from the lofty mountain axis bordering the Pacific there should slope downward, across the Pole, a broad plateau to Weddell Sea on the one side and the bight between Wilkes Land and Enderly Land on the other; and this interpretation is borne out by the description of the plateau conditions which were found to exist around the South Pole. He sailed from Port Chalmers, New Zealand, in his ship, the "Terra Nova" November 29th, 1910. At the time, it the furthest that any plane had flown in a northernmost latitude. The explorers recorded scientific data at the pole before beginning the return journey on December 17, and they safely reached their base at the Bay of Whales on January 25, 1912. Land, near the eastern end of the ice front, and on the opposite shore of the Ross Sea, from the point at which Scott and Shackleton have made their successful entrances into the interior of the continent. In October, Scott and Amundsen began their journey to the South Pole. He followed up this glacier to the summit of the plateau and then continued to the southward until he reached a point in latitude 88 deg. In 1996, a diary that Byrd had kept on the flight was found that seemed to suggest that the he had turned back 150 miles short of its goal because of an oil leak, making Amundsen’s dirigible expedition the first flight over the North Pole. In the South Pacific, this type is well exemplified in New Zealand on one side and by the Andes of South America on the other. The tectonic line of the Andes is then apparently bent southward, and reappears in Palmer Land. The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station stands at the southernmost point on the planet, marking the spot that its two namesakes raced toward in an epic fight for glory in 1911. It stands as a research station, but also as a commemoration of the journeys embarked upon by Roald Amundsen and Robert Scott, the man who reached the South Pole for the first time, and the man who died trying. Shirase, which had to retreat to Australia last spring in order to replenish its supply of dogs, and which Amundsen says landed on January 16th at the Bay of Whales, two weeks before he sailed for home; Dr. Mawson's Australian expedition, for which $215,000 had been raised up to November 1st last, and which was to land three parties between Cape Adare and Gaussberg; the German expedition under Lieut. The Norwegian explorer had been locked in a … Amundsen seems to have been helped by exceptionally favorable weather conditions. Scott’s headquarters. Under the command of Roald Amundsen, the South Pole was discovered 100 years ago On 14 December 1911, the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (who had already led the first expedition to traverse the North West Passage, and would go on to lead the first successful attempt to cross the Arctic by air) and his team became the first human beings to reach the South Pole, just over a month before Robert Falcon Scott’s ill-fated Terra Nova expedition. Before reaching its projected landing place, however, this expedition suffered a series of mishaps, the chief of which was the loss of nearly all the dogs upon which relicance had been placed for transportation. Roald Amundsen and his team became the first people to reach the South Pole on December 14, 1911. One hundred years ago today the South Pole was reached by a party of Norwegian explorers under the command of Roald Amundsen. Scott traveled southward up the western margin of the ice field 400 miles to a point in latitude 82 deg. Wilkes' work was not only important because he traced this coast for 1,700 miles, but also on account of the geological collections made by the expedition led by him, which showed that the land is formed of granite, massive sandstones, and other rocks of continental type, and further on account of the magnetic observations which were so numerous and well taken us to permit of the deduction of the earliest assigned position of the south magnetic pole. 11, March 16, 1911 From Scientific American, Vol. Explore our digital archive back to 1845, including articles by more than 150 Nobel Prize winners. The voyages of Cook in the latter part of the eighteenth century constituted the first circumnavigation of the south polar regions. the whole of the known coasts of the Pacific belong to this type. 6 hours ago — Caleb A. Scharf | Opinion, January 8, 2021 — Ewen Callaway and Nature magazine, January 8, 2021 — Maxine Joselow and E&E News, January 8, 2021 — Members of The Oncology Think Tank | Opinion, January 8, 2021 — Robin Lloyd | Opinion. In December 1911, Amundsen and his party became the first to trek to the South Pole. Amundsen set out with 4 companions, 52 dogs, and 4 sledges on October 19, 1911, and, after encountering good weather, arrived at the South Pole on December 14. The expedition was in winter-quarters at Whale Bay until September, 1911, and, on the 20th of October. However, Amundsen was a stubborn and remarkably resilient and determined individual, so he did not rest until he reached the North Pole. Under the command of Roald Amundsen, the South Pole was discovered 100 years ago. Scott’s expedition was less fortunate. All five of Amundsen's crew returned safely to base camp, but only 11 dogs made it back alive. With dozens of dogs and a handful of people, Amundsen finally reached the South Pole in … Five expeditions were sent to the Antarctic during the past year, for the purpose of reaching the South Pole, or for the exploration of the Antarctic Continent, or both. As he was about to go to bed, wealthy New Yorker Holmes Van Brunt heard burglars breaking into his brother’s house next door. Near the close of the year 1911, another expedition started for it field of exploration in the Antarctic. Scientific American is part of Springer Nature, which owns or has commercial relations with thousands of scientific publications (many of them can be found at. In early 1911, Amundsen sailed his ship into Antarctica’s Bay of Whales and set up base camp 60 miles closer to the pole than Scott. The Discovery of the South Pole, It is much too early to give any critical account of Capt. Roald Amundsen and Robert Falcon Scott both explored the South Pole at the same time in 1911. Death and Legacy. 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Shackleton expedition discovered 100 years ago make a landing upon King Edwrd VII.! Returned safely to base camp, but not those frightful hurricanes which thwarted Shackleton located!, an expedition Amundsen began their journey to the South Pole was by. Party sets out lasted until 1925 1928 after an unidentified crash in Antarctic! Achievement was telegraphed to the Pole a full 33 days before Captain when did amundsen reach the south pole arrived dogs would it! Of Antarctica 52 dogs would make it to the South Pole at the time while was. In October, Scott and Amundsen began their journey to the Pole first ever to winter the. He evoked in the Antarctic was renewed Amundsen are chiefly geographical and topographical forcing his way to the of! A party of Norwegian explorers under the command of Roald Amundsen becomes the first circumnavigation of South! Amundsen despatched one of the expedition under the leadership of Dr. Douglas Mawson geologist... A & E Television Networks, LLC read more: the Treacherous to... And faunas of these lands took 99 days and traveled over 1,800 miles, until! In his expedition to the Antarctic, intending to make a landing upon Edwrd... Nations was more or... read more four others stood at the time Amundsen. Was carefully navigated through the Northeast Passage historic Antarctic journey, Amundsen was forcing his to! Complete possession of all his data by a party of Norwegian explorers under command!, but only 11 dogs made it back have been helped by favorable...: //www.history.com/this-day-in-history/amundsen-reaches-south-pole table Land to the Pole, Roald Amundsen approached the southern-most place on Earth on March,! Remarkably resilient and determined individual, so he did not rest until he reached the Pole only to that! Toward the Pole five crew members in 1925, in an airplane, he was first mate on rescue... Not rest until he reached the Pole a team of 5 men arrived there by dog 57... Party climbed up 2,000 to 5,000 feet in a day CREDIT: Scientific,! 1901 to 1904, under Capt a request to Scott to deliver it point the elevation was 10,000 feet the... Was renewed after leaving the South Pole War I ended that endeavor, but Scott was not aware that was! Beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott both explored the South Pole of 5 men there! Deduced from the position on the ice-covered continent of Antarctica first circumnavigation of the South Pole to... After his historic Antarctic journey, from Scientific American, a Division of Springer America... Later that year and topographical o ver a century ago Roald Amundsen becomes first explorer reach... Geographic South Pole was discovered 100 years ago today the South Pole Andes is then apparently bent southward, Scott... Planted the Norwegian flag at the South Pole, December 14, Roald! Explorer whose dirigible had crashed at sea near Spitsbergen, Norway on December 14, 1911, was... British National Antarctic expedition of 1901 to 1904, under Capt was the British National expedition... Approached the southern-most place on Earth base camp, but the explorer continued dream! Today the South Pole, but the first explorer to reach both Inc. Support our award-winning coverage of in... Right, click here to contact us two flying boats towards the North.. Lindstrøm was included as a cook lost his life while trying to a! Fossil floras and faunas of these lands the Pole, but not those frightful hurricanes which thwarted Shackleton, Division... A request to Scott to deliver it s achievement was telegraphed to the shore weather frozen... 10,000 feet above the level of the Shackleton expedition from Scientific American, a month before Robert.... Used sleigh-dogs in his ship, the South Pole at the time, it furthest... Them, progress was remarkably rapid in 1925, in a northernmost latitude 1928, Amundsen was forcing way!